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 Reasons Why Bleaching Your Skin is not an Option 

In the  society today,  so many people shy away from the s dark skin colour because of admiration for the the white people's kind of skin colour.  This single  reason makes them do so many things to the skin in order to look like the whites. Some of the things people do to change their colour includes; skin bleaching with chemicals,  plastic surgery etc.

Skin bleaching can be defined  as the use of products like creams, soaps, pills that contains some skin whitening chemicals such as Hydroquinone, kojic acid,Glycolic acid, vitamin c, mecury etc, to reduce the amount of melanin in the body. 

It is worthy to note, that the  skin colour is determined by the amount  of melanin present in the skin. While there is no health benefit to skin bleaching, if you’re considering skin bleaching, it’s important to understand the mechanism by which the chosen products works and the risks associated with it. Because these chemicals have different mechanism of action. 

Melanin is the pigment that gives the skin and the iris its colour, it is  produced by the cell melanocytes. When its distribution is reduced in the body, the skin's dark coloration is altered or brightened. For this reason, most of the mechanism for bleaching targets the production or storage of the melanin.

Commonly in the society, people tend to feel inferior or lack confidence due to the color of their skin thus the need to lighten the skin. Due to the stigma surrounding bleaching, companies have become more clever with the language they use and instead, tend use less problematic words like lightening and brightening but the devastating effects remain the same. 

Although the chemicals in use has its own effects. But the combination of one or two of it can reduce the risk like use of Hydroquinone and kojic acid which mildly ameliorates the effect of Hydroquinone. Some of the consequences of these chemicals are caused because they disrupt the most superficial layer of the skin (stratum corneum) and are given below;

  • Lesion of the skin
  • Increased susceptibility of the skin to ultraviolet rays and other environmental hazards
  • Reduction in integrity of the skin against mechanical or physical assault
  • Compromised ability to  conserve water and heat (homeostasis)
  • Easy passage of disease causing  pathogens into the body through the skin

Other complications includes;

  1. Nephrotic syndrome
  2. Steroid acne
  3. Exogenous ochronosis and 
  4. Dermatitis

It is important to note, that when the superficial protection of the skin is reduced, it exposes the melanocytes to UV radiation which could increase the risk of skin cancer.

Also being exposed to mercury over time can cause symptoms like numbness, tingling, dizziness, forgetfulness, headaches, and depression. More severe symptoms include confusion, muscle weakness, trouble breathing, changes in vision,kidney damage and difficulty walking. Mercury poisoning requires immediate medical intervention.

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